Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination
The Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (abbreviated IIT-JEE or simply JEE) is an annual college entrance examination in India. It is used as the sole admission criterion by the sixteen Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). The examination is organised each year by one of the various IITs, using a round robin rotation pattern. It has a very low admission rate (about 1 in 50 in 2011).
The JEE was conducted for the first time in 1960, when it had four subjects including an English language paper. The examination has since evolved considerably from its initial pattern. The JEE was initially called as the Common Entrance Exam (CEE). The CEE coincides with the IIT Act of 1961, to later named as JEE.
In 1997, the JEE was conducted twice after the question paper was leaked in some centers.
Between 2000 and 2005, an additional screening test was used alongside the main examination, intended to reduce pressure on the main examination by allowing only about 20,000 top candidates to sit the paper, out of more than 450,000 applicants.
In September 2005, an analysis group of directors of all the IITs announced major reforms to the examination. These were implemented from 2006 onwards. The revised test now consists of a single objective test, replacing the earlier two-test system. In order to be eligible for the main examination, candidates in the general category must secure a minimum of 60% aggregated marks in the qualifying examination of the XIIth standard organized by various educational boards of India, while candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and Physically Disabled (PD) categories must secure a minimum of 55%.
In 2008, the Director and the Dean of IIT Madras called for revisions to the examination, arguing that the coaching institutes were "enabling many among the less-than-best students to crack the test and keeping girls from qualifying". They expressed concern that the present system did not allow for applicants' 12 years of schooling to have a bearing on admissions into IITs.
In 2008, the Indian Institutes of Technology, for the first time, went overseas with their entrance examination as they set up a centre for the competitive test in Dubai. The number of candidates appearing in Dubai hovered around 200 to 220.
In 2012, IIT JEE was conducted on 8 April, for which over 520,000 students had appeared for about 10,000 engineering seats across India.Result of JEE 2012 with All India Ranks (AIRs) has been declared on 18 May 2012.
Seats and attendance
The number of students taking the examination has increased substantially each year with over 485,000 showing up for IIT-JEE 2011. This represented an increase of 30,000 students (6.5%) from 2010.
From 2008, six new IITs have been opened with 120 seats each, increasing the total number of seats to almost 7000. For 2009, admissions have been made to two more IITs, namely IIT Indore and IIT Mandi (Himachal Pradesh) taking the seat count to almost 8300. As of 2011, with additional courses in several old and new IITs, the total seat count has crossed 9600.
The age limit for sitting the JEE is 25 years. For candidates belonging to SC, ST and PD categories, the relaxed age limit is 30 years.
Also, since 2007, candidates have been allowed to take the JEE a maximum of twice. This change was intended to reduce stress on applicants, and to discourage the concept of 'cram schools'. Also since 2007, students selected for admission to an IIT and paid the accepting fee, cannot attempt the examination again in the future.
New Admission Norms for IIT
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Union government have finally agreed to the new format of IIT entrance examination as suggested by the Joint Admission Board (JAB). The new format of exams will be implemented from 2013.
Under the new format of entrance exams for IIT adopted on June 27, aspirants will first have to appear for the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)-Main. Only the top 1,50,000 students of JEE will then be eligible to take the JEE-Advanced exam. The top-ranked candidates who clear this exam will finally be eligible for around 9,000 seats at the IITs. However, the final selection of candidates will be based on the JEE-Advanced scores, subject to condition that they are in the top 20 percentile in their board exams as well. So, even though class XII board marks won't be added to the JEE-Advanced marks, it would be an eligibility criterion. As of now, students scoring 60% in their board exams are eligible to apply to the IITs.
According to RK Shevgaonkar, director, IIT-Delhi , the aim of the new format is to make students perform well in their board exams without neglecting it and not get influenced by the coaching classes offering tutorials for IIT-JEE.
Students who aspire for a seat in IIT and prepare for it in advance generally perform well in their board exams. However, there are many students who aim for IIT and neglect their studies . These students don't perform well in board exams and find it hard to even clear the IIT entrance exams. The new format will make such students pay attention to their classroom study, which will eventually help them understand concepts in details. These students will also be able to get a seat in other professional colleges with the help of a good score in board exams Earlier, because board scores were not given any weighting, students paid little attention to classes and this led teachers to lose interest. The new move will help school teachers gain their respect back and help them upgrade themselves regularly Although it's too early to comment whether the coaching institutes will shut down or not, the move will certainly have an impact.
Criticism on the New Admission Norms comes from the Super 30 founder and mathematician Anand Kumar. Anand Kumar on Wednesday said that the decision of the IIT Council to give chance to students having top 20% from various boards in the class 12 examinations, was a decision in haste. "This is one decision that will go against the poor, who don't have the opportunity to study in elite schools," he added.
Under the new format, an advance test would be conducted and the elite educational institutions would admit students having top 20 percent from school boards. Another criticism is about the language of the exam. IIT-JEE is conducted only in English and Hindi, making it harder for students where regional languages, like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Urdu, Oriya, Bengali, Marathi, Assamese or Gujarati, are more prominent. As an example, in September 2011, the Gujarat High Court has acted on a Public Interest Litigation by the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, for conducting the exams in Gujarati.A second petition was made in October by Navsari's Sayaji Vaibhav Sarvajanik Pustakalaya Trust.Another petition was made at the Madras High Court for conducting the exam in Tamil. In the petition it was claimed that not conducting the exam in the regional languages is in violation of article 14 of the Constitution of India. PMK, political party in Tamil Nadu holds a demonstration at Chennai for conducting IIT and other national entrance exams in regional languages also, particularly Tamil in Tamil Nadu.Pattali Makkal Katchi party has filed Public Interest Litigation in Madras High Court for conducting IIT JEE entrance exam in Tamil also. They submitted that every year 7.63 lakh students are completing 12th standard in Tamil Nadu. Out of them 75 % are from Tamil Medium. They are forced to appear for the entrance exam in English or Hindi which is neither their medium of instruction nor mother tongue. Being forced as such is against their fundamental right to take up the entrance exam in mother-tongue-based medium of instruction.Shiv Sena has urged MHRD to conduct IITJEE and other national undergraduate entrance exams in regional languages, particularly Marathi language in Maharastra
IIT JEE New Pattern
Two Exams – JEE Mains followed by JEE Advance
Time gap between these two exams will be two to three weeks.
JEE Main which is equivalent to AIEEE and will be conduced by CBSE, JAB and JIC will also support in this.
JEE Advance which is equivalent to IIT JEE will be conducted by IITs (JAB and JIC); with the same composition as at present
Only top 1,50,000 students including all categories from JEE Main will be able to appear in JEE Advance
Students who come in top 20 percentile in their board can only give the exams.
Eligibility for appearing in IIT JEE exam to be changed from current 60% marks to percentile rank. JAB has to release the cut-off rank after declaration of boards result.
Counselling and allotment should be held jointly with NITs and IIITs