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Does India need to reduce defense expenses?

Background


India is number 9th in his spending on weapons. India spend 41.3 billion dollar each year on weapons. Which 2.7 percent of its total GDP.


India increased its military spending by 17 per cent to $41 billion in the Union Budget 2012-13. Of this expenditure, $17.5 billion will be reserved for procuring new equipment.


The hike comes a year after India had increased its budget expenses by 11 per cent. A cumulative outlook over the past two years shows that India has increased military spending by a third.


The move is also seen as a way to counter China's 11 per cent defense spending increase just a few days ago. The capital expenditure of the armed forces that which goes towards purchase of equipment was set at around $ 17 billion, a 15.7 per cent hike from last year's capital allocation. 70 per cent of this amount will go towards servicing contracts already signed. The rest will be reserved for the procurement of new equipment, including procuring new aircraft from French company Rafale.


The revenue component of the defense budget amounted to $21.67 billion. This part of the budget that goes towards paying salaries, was $18.15 billion in the budget estimate, but was $ 19.9 billion in the Revised Estimates, suggesting the services had overspent under this head.




Favor


  • We are a developing country we should stop spending on buying weapons and start spending money on the sectors like education.
  • India has the world's 9th largest defense budget. In 2012, India's official military budget stood at INR 193,407 crore (US$38.58 billion). In 2004, the GlobalSecurity.org estimated India's budget to be around US$100 billion in terms of purchasing power parity.
  • According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), India has the lowest public expenditure on higher education per student in the world.
  • During the Financial Year 2011-12, the Central Government of India has allocated Rs 38,957 crores for the Department of School Education and Literacy which is the main department dealing with primary education in India. Within this allocation, major share of rs. 21,000 crores, is for the flagship program 'Sarva Siksha Abhiyan'. However, budgetary allocation of Rs 21,000 crores is considered very low in view of the officially appointed Anil Bordia Committee recommendation of Rs 35,659 for the year 2011-12.
  • So expense on defense system in 2012 would be 193,407 corore rupees whereas education expense is only 21,000 corore rupees it means defense expense is 10 times the education budget.
  • The country like India where 25% of its population is still illiterate; only 15% of Indian students reach high school, and just 7%, of the 15% who make it to high school, graduate. According to the Census of 2011, "every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write in any language is said to be literate". According to this criterion, the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be around 74.07%.
  • We are not seeing any war in near future whole world is stable. Humans are smart enough to understand the bad effects of the war.
  • If Indian government can focus on curbing down poverty, illiteracy, population explosion and corruption. India can be best nation of the world. Spending money on defense is not solution any of these problems.
  • Government should start spend money on research and development of in-house weapon development so India can become power itself rather depending on the other countries.

Against


  • India's aspiration for a regional power status and a key player in global affairs dictate the imperatives of independent, self-reliant indigenous defense capabilities.
  • India is surrounded by many old and new enemies. So for the safety of its population we have to buy the weapons and this require big defense budget.
  • It's easy to say spend all money on the education or to control poverty but the minute our security becomes bit weak so many security related problems will raise like terrorist attacks, kidnapping by local naxalites etc.
  • For the safety of the big population we have to take security measures and for this defense expenses are must. There were so many attacks on common man of India in past that we cannot deny the security needs of India.

Conclusion


  • It's easy to say that India is spending more on defense but it is requirement of current time. There is just need of reducing corruption and controlling the flow of money to right direction so we can utilize the hard earned tax payer money in best way.

Contributed by: Studyfreak

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Points added by members


Added by: Divya Gd21



Point:

I do not agree than defence alone can help in a countrys progress coz if we r not educated about the newest tools and technologies




Date: 2017-04-23 13:04:23

Added by: Anubhav Thakur



Point:

i reply to b204

history is to learn from mistakes

we all might have been buddhists had the buddists developed a strong defence to protect themselves from muhammad ghori..................................................





Date: 2017-04-23 01:53:02

Added by: Anubhav Thakur



Point:

i reply to b204

history is to learn from mistakes

we all might have beenbuddhists had the buddists developed a strong defence to protect themselves from muhammad ghori..................................................





Date: 2017-04-23 01:49:46

Added by: Anubhav Thakur



Point:

i reply to amit

does money grows on trees brothers





Date: 2017-04-23 01:47:27

Added by: Anubhav Thakur



Point:

a weak defence leads to :-

  • increased cross border infiltration
  • terrorism
  • lack of jobs (in army and police)
  • absence of new technology

............which i think is certainly not conducive for education.............................





Date: 2017-04-23 01:36:15

Added by: anubhav thakur



Point:

when u have neibhours ready to pounce on u ,u cant leave your door open to display in inner home decors





Date: 2017-04-23 01:24:12

Added by: sumit



Point:

should pay attention equally





Date: 2017-04-16 02:00:19

Added by: Gautam



Point:

India should spend more on military than spending money on education because if security will not be strong then terrorists will attack and kill the people and there would be no meaning of spending money on education.If security is strong then we can educate people.





Date: 2017-04-14 00:48:35

Added by: AMRIT



Point:

INDIA SHOULD FOCUS MORE ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH OF ANTIBIOTICS THAN IN SPENDING IN MILITARY BUDGET,as antibiotics cannot erradicte few groups of bacteria.These Bacteria can be prone to health in future.





Date: 2017-03-26 09:24:08

Added by: Sanjay



Point:

Military expenditure is full wastege of tax payer money. All country should focus ob healh and education. The properity eventually means more powerfull contry.




Date: 2017-02-05 19:12:45

Added by: Sangmesh Mali



Point:

India needs devolopment so first built their defence is strong then the countries devolopment should rapidally increse so i says that india have more defence as like Israil , so india need strong base of defence in all field




Date: 2016-01-27 08:46:08

Added by: sia tyagi



Point: India should start spending money on education rather than spending on defence



Date: 2014-11-15 20:01:48

Added by: Amit Shukla



Point: according to me the defence budget should not be decreased as defence is the backbone of our country and also our country is surrounded by its 2 counterparts i.e china and pakistan so the defence budget should not be decreased



Date: 2014-10-20 08:12:40

Added by: vijay singh chauhan



Point: According to me both are depend on each other therefor we should spend eqally in defense and educatiional system.



Date: 2014-09-15 09:20:24

Added by: ruchi



Point: According to me defense and education both are important for the development of our country as our nation can be protected completely by both soft and structural power only if its safeguarded by both education removing illiteracy and sophisticated weapons preventing attacks.



Date: 2014-01-25 20:51:03

Added by: b204



Point: in my opinion india should spend more in education and research work ,,,which ultimately help in developing sophisticated and advanced weapon, which will ultimately lead to a self reliant nation and further eventually leads to developed nation..



Date: 2013-09-11 08:31:09

Added by: Sudhakar Kaparapu



Point: Very nice but if u compare with neighboring countries factual expenditure on defence it will be attractive



Date: 2013-03-27 11:34:03

Added by: devendra singh



Point: GOVERNMENT SHOULD PUMPUP> Education> Agriculture> Health care->Education status in our country is knock down .Wherefore- 70%population of india is living in rural areas



Date: 2012-11-22 02:24:16

Added by: Amit



Point: In my opinion India should increase theirexpanses on defence in the alternative year and in other alternative year we should spend more money on education and infrastructure development of India.This will be a proper combination of educational growth and defence growth . Because both the things are important for our country education and safety.I thing it will give the the proper development of India



Date: 2012-11-05 20:17:44

Added by: Neelam Sharma



Point: i seem indian government should n't spend more money on defence. in our india unimployement, dearness,poverty are increasing day by day in that contion indians are not able to get good education. in this resion india are becoming hollow and facing many problems.



Date: 2012-06-09 05:10:34

Added by: keshav



Point: First of all, our eye must survey our neighbour country's scenario. We can see that all the countries are growing their defence power to suppress India by hook or crook as they feel, India is emerging as a super power. So to maintain and tackle the forthcoming situation we have to strengthen our defence system on priority rather than any arena. Because If the country will be in safe zone then only can be given a good education to their citizen.



Date: 2012-06-07 04:06:57

Added by: smita



Point: Not just the educational reasons, India is also suffering from health,sanitation problems and far more corruption.. what if large sum of money is decided for the above requirements but are not utilized by proper hands.. so the money of India should be used judicially by our leaders..!!



Date: 2012-04-22 08:25:22

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