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1 Everything that a person does, which is dictated by reason of ignorance is not voluntary. Involuntary actions are those which produce pain and repentance. Incase a man has done something in his ignorance and he does not feel vexed due to his action, he has not acted voluntarily as he was not aware of what he was doing, nor yet involuntarily since he is not pained.
After reading this passage we can arrive at the conclusion that: A person is not a voluntary agent, if he acts by reason of ignorance and repents. If an action is done by reason of ignorance and is not voluntary , then it was repentedA man is an involuntary agent, if he acts by reason of ignorance.Some actions are either involuntary or not voluntary.
2 Everything that God knows necessarily is, because even what we ourselves know necessarily is; and, of course, our knowledge is not as certain as God's knowledge is. But no future contingent thing necessarily is..
Among the following statements, which naturally follows from the above: There are no future contingent things. It is not true that God has knowledge of only necessary things. God has knowledge of no contingent future thingsIt is not possible for us to know God.
3 Questions 3 - 4
Some lawyers are of the view that the observation of the intrinsic qualities of pornography in any composition depends on literary criticism and hence it is a matter of opinion. It is rather odd, though, that in a legal connection, serious critics themselves quite often behave as if they believed criticism to be a matter of opinion. Why be a critic - and teach in universities - in case criticism involves nothing but uttering capricious and arbitrary opinions ?
In the above argument the author is trying to establish that whether a composition can be called pornographic or not is a matter of opinionit is not a matter of opinion whether a work is pornographic. observance of the qualities of pornography is not dependent on literary criticism. critics seem hypocritical.
4 The above discussion would be weakened if it is pointed out that: literary critics are of the opinion that nothing is pornographic. lawyers believe that the observance of the qualities of pornography is a matter of opinion, as literary critics are not in agreement in this regard. literary critics are not legal authorities. literary critics should not concern themselves with deciding what is pornographic.
5 Questions 5 - 10
Nine individuals - Z, Y, X, W, V, U, T, S and R - are the only candidates, who can serve on three committees-- A, B and C, and each candidate should serve on exactly one of the committees.
Committee A should consist of exactly one member more than committee B.
It is possible that there are no members of committee C.
Among Z, Y and X none can serve on committee A.
Among W, V and U none can serve on committee G.
Among T, S and R none can serve on committee C.
In case T and Z are the individuals serving on committee B, how many of the nine individuals should serve on committee C?2456
6 Of the nine individuals, the largest number that can serve together on committee C is 9876
7 In case R is the only individual serving on committee B, which among the following should serve on committee A? W and S T and SV and T U and S
8 In case any of the nine individuals serves on committee C, which among the following should be the candidate to serve on committee A? ZYWT
9 In case T, S and X are the only individuals serving on committee B, the total membership of committee C should be: Z and Y Z and WY and VY and U
10 Among the following combinations which could constitute the membership of committee C?Y and T X and U Y, X and W W, V and U
11 Questions 11 - 13
(M, N, O and P are all different individuals)
M is the daughter of N.
N is the son of O
O is the father of P.
Among the following statements, which is true ? O is the uncle of M. P and N are brothersM is the daughter of P. If B is the daughter of N, then M and B are sisters.
12 Which among the following statements is contradictory to the above premises?P is the father of M. O has three children. M has one brother. M is the granddaughter of O.
13 If B is the son of N and B has one brother, D, then
M is the sister of D.
D and N are brothers.
O is the grandfather of D. I only II only III only I and III only
14 Questions 13 - 19
The only people to attend a conference were four ship captains and the first mates of three of those captains. The captains were L, M, N and O; the first mates were A, D and G. Each person in turn delivered a report to the assembly as follows:
Each of the first mates delivered their report exactly after his or her captain. The first captain to speak was M, and captain N spoke after him.
Among the following which is not an appropriate order of delivered reports? M, N, G, D, O, L, A M, D, N, G, L, O, A M, N, A, L, D, O, G M, N, A, O, D, L, G
15 In case L speaks after A, and A is the third of the first mates to speak, then among the following statements which would be untrue?O spoke immediately after G. The order of the first four speakers was M, G, N, D.O's first mate was present. A was the fourth speaker after M.
16 Among the following statements which statement must be true? In case the second speaker was a captain, the seventh speaker was a first mate. In case the second speaker was a first mate, the seventh speaker was a captain. In case the third speaker was a first mate, the seventh speaker was a captain. In case the third speaker was a captain, the seventh speaker was a first mate.
17 In case A spoke immediately after L and immediately before O, and O was not the last speaker, L spoke second third fourthfifth
18 In case G is M's first mate, D could be the person who spoke immediately prior to T prior to L prior to V after T
19 In case A is the third of the first mates to speak, and L is the captain whose first mate is not present, which among the following statements must be true? A spoke sometime before L. D spoke sometime before O. L spoke sometime before O.O spoke sometime before L.
20 Among the following statements, which would make M, D, N, G, L, O, A the only possible sequence of speakers?D is M's first mate; G is N's first mate; A is O's first mate. D is M's first mate; G is N's first mate; A was the second to speak after LThe order of the first four speakers was M, D, N, G. The order of the last three speakers was L, O, A.
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